Writing Down the Dragon by Tom Simon
Tom Simon's book Writing Down the Dragon is a collection of essays on J.R.R. Tolkien's writings and his style. He specifically looks at Tolkien's techniques for crafting stories and the various tools he uses, from ancient myths and made-up languages to resolving contradictions in texts. Simon does not claim to be definitive; he, as a fantasy writer, looks to Tolkien as an inspiration and model for writing fantasy epics. He has a lot of interesting insights and a lively writing style. Fans of Tolkien are sure to enjoy this book.
Sample Quote on how Orcs, being the evil characters they are, use morals:
Orcs have morals; they just happen to be coupled with a hypocrisy so perfect that it is essentially unconscious. Morals are a stick to beat their enemies with, never a ruler to measure their own behaviour. [Kindle Locations 1452-1453]